Centrifugal Pump – The impeller is the main component of a centrifugal pump. Consists of a series of curved vanes. There is normally sandwiched between two discs. For the fluids with entrained solids, there is an open or semi-open impeller (backed by a single disc) is preferred (look at Figure 1).
The fluids enters the impeller at its axis on the shaft and exits along the circumference between the vanes. The impeller, is on the opposite side to side, there is connected through a drive shaft to a motor and rotated on high speed (between 500-5000rpm). Rotational of the impeller accelerates the fluids out through the impeller vanes into the pump casing. There is two type basic design of casing: volute and diffuser, purpose in both designs is to flow the fluid into a controlled discharge at the pressure.